Farmington is one of the southern tier of townships in Oakland County, and is joined on its north, west, and east, respectively, by West Bloomfield, Novi, and Southfield. In its northwestern part the land is in a few places inclining to be swampy, but the remainder of the township has a fine rolling surface and a most productive soil, which gives to Farmington a rank with the best of the townships in the county.
It is watered by several small streams, all following in a southeasterly direction, and all eventually joining their waters with those of the Rouge river. The principal of these takes its rise near the northwest corner of the township, and flowing obliquely through it, past the village of Farmington, turns the wheels of the different saw- and grist-mills of the town, and then passes out through the southwest quarter of section 36.
Signs of very old Indian occupation are found in various parts of the township; perhaps the most noticeable of these was a place of ancient graves upon the farm of J. B. Francis, in the southwest quarter of section 19, near the Novi town line. At this place seven skeletons were found in a single grave, while over another was growing a tree of nearly two feet in diameter.
Probably, however, there were no large established Indian villages here. The township was originally covered with dense forests, which were highly prized by them as hunting-grounds; and through here, too, passed their long path, known as the Shiawassee trail, over which they came and went on their predatory or hunting expeditions; but the margins of the limpid lakes that lay farther north and west, and gave them fish in unlimited supply, these were the places where they preferred to plant their lodges, rather than in the comparatively unwatered region of which we write.